Former Websites

The genesis of this website was the 97 Squadron website, the Black Thursday (16/17 December 1943) website, and the Pathfinders website, all of which were the work of Dr Jennie Mack Gray.

97 Squadron ( was the original website, which began in 2001. It was later joined by the website on Black Thursday ( and the website on the Pathfinders ( These websites are no longer online.

All the material on these websites has been retained, and modified versions of most of their pages appear on the RAF PATHFINDERS ARCHIVE website.

Copyright is retained from the three websites, and for permission to use it, or any new information on this website, see COPYRIGHT AND PERMISSIONS.